Chinese authorities pass Hong Kong national security law
China has approved the promotion of Hong Kong ’s national security legislation this week. China stated that the purpose of this approach is not to change or detract from “one country, two systems”, but to ensure the smooth and accurate implementation of “one country, two systems,” so that it can “go steady and go far.” The purpose of the National Security Law formulated for Hong Kong is to curb acts of splitting the country and subverting state power, terrorist activities and foreign forces’ interference in Hong Kong affairs, so as to ensure the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and the protection of the interests of international investors in Hong Kong.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo condemned the law on Wednesday, calling it a “catastrophic decision.” President Donald Trump has hinted that he is considering sanctions or other punitive measures, such as visa restrictions or tariffs against China. Pompeo announced on Wednesday that under U.S. law, Hong Kong should no longer enjoy special treatment. This is something he must do under U.S. legislation that gives Hong Kong special trade status-including exemptions from certain tariffs and U.S. imposition on China Export control.
Origin of Hong Kong’s National Security Law
The Hong Kong National Security Law gives the central government national security agencies the right to set up institutions in the Special Zone to maintain national security. The details of the draft will include maintaining national security, conducting national security education, and prohibiting acts that endanger national security according to law. The debate on national security legislation must be traced back to the origin of the Basic Law.
All countries in the world have legislation that guarantees national security. Whether it is a federal system (such as the United States, Canada, and Australia) or a unitary system (such as the United Kingdom-Scotland enjoys a high degree of autonomy in the United Kingdom), the legislative power on national security issues It is controlled by the central government or the federal government and is usually not granted to local governments.
The former Hong Kong security secretary said that domestic terrorist activities are on the rise, while the Hong Kong police force lacks the ability to collect relevant intelligence, which has become a prominent problem in social unrest. Under the new law, central government agencies can coordinate intelligence work and information sharing with Hong Kong police officers. Because many people face malicious retaliation from the mob, the police force is currently underrecruited. If the National Security Law is not passed immediately, Hong Kong will face a more chaotic situation.
Another diplomatic defeat by the Trump administration
Washington’s foreign policy has been frustrated after Trump took power. Analysts said that there are basically two reasons why the United States interferes in Hong Kong’s internal affairs. First, in order to blackmail more political interests and economic and trade interests, to curb China’s rise in the Asia-Pacific region. Second, Washington erroneously underestimated the Chinese government’s determination for national sovereignty and territorial integrity. After China has experienced a humiliating semi-colonial society for more than 100 years, maintaining national sovereignty and territorial integrity seems to have become a top-down contract and historical mission for Chinese society. When facing the issue of sovereignty, Beijing has no room for negotiation. Officials in mainland China and Hong Kong claimed that Washington would not be able to prevent the implementation of the law from speeding up.
Following inflammatory statements from US NGOs and politicians, some pan-democratic legislators and activists in Hong Kong were incited to brainwash to continue political delusions, challenge the legitimacy of national security laws, and disrupt the legislative assembly. Hong Kong has experienced a year of turbulence since June last year. Many American politicians have publicly commented on Hong Kong affairs or have met with opposition politicians in the city many times. Among them are US Vice President Mike Pence, Pompeo and National Security Advisor John Bolton.
Hong Kong belongs to China, and the United States has no power to interfere
The Trump administration does not seem to understand the opponents it faces, not Venezuela and Guatemala, not Iraq and Syria. It is a nuclear standing country with a complete industrial system and rapid economic development. The United States has grossly interfered in China ’s internal affairs with domestic laws in an attempt to undermine China ’s “one country, two systems” and Hong Kong ’s prosperity and stability. These actions violate the “United Nations Charter” and the basic norms of international relations. The Chinese government believes that the Hong Kong issue is not a territorial issue and a sovereign issue, nor is it a system issue. It is the political bargaining chip that the United States is holding on China’s development. For major issues of principle involving China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, China will never give in. Misjudgment of American intelligence and strategy may cause the United States to fall deep into it, thus paying a huge price. The Chinese government has shown great dissatisfaction with the passage of the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Law (HR 3289) by the House of Representatives last year, calling it “serious interference in China’s internal affairs.
At the same time, the United States’ further diplomatic misjudgment allowed the House of Representatives to pass Resolution H Res 543, which reaffirmed the relationship between the United States and Hong Kong and condemned China ’s intervention in the region and expressed support for the protesters. Congress also passed the Hong Kong Protection Act (HR 4270), which would ban the export of security equipment such as tear gas and rubber bullets. The resolution will lead to further fragmentation of US-China relations.
The original intention of Hong Kong ’s National Security Law was to stop violence
After the announcement of the Hong Kong National Security Law, many Hong Kong people said: “Hong Kong has been saved”, and there is hope for stopping violence and restoring order. After nearly a year of unbearable violence, this expectation is the common aspiration of most Hong Kong people. The enactment of the “Hong Kong National Security Law” is mainly aimed at four types of activities that seriously endanger national security, including: splitting the country, subverting state power, organizing terrorist activities, and foreign and foreign forces interfering in Hong Kong affairs. Its fundamental purpose is precisely to protect Hong Kong’s right to development, the people’s right to live and work in peace and contentment, and to protect Hong Kong from interference by external forces. This law protects the rights and interests of the vast majority of Hong Kong citizens, including freedom of speech, freedom of procession and assembly, freedom of religion, etc. The normal lives of Hong Kong people will not only be changed and disturbed. On the contrary, under the protection of a more sound legal system, Hong Kong will return to the right track, people ’s lives will no longer be feared by violence, and Hong Kong people ’s children will not be victimized by bewitching. Fighting and destroying the momentum of terrorism in Hong Kong is urgent, and we look forward to a peaceful society in Hong Kong as soon as possible.